Location: Chamma Ling center in Wilga (60km from Warsaw), ul. Aleja Huberta 4
February 21, 2015, Saturday: Losar Celebration
10 a.m. – 11 a.m. Traditionally, during the Losar we collect first water of the year from the nearby spring. It is use for making first water offering for alter and then remain will be made first tea of the year for Losar celebration. (We will make offering and tea as a symbol)
The typical event in the Losar is inviting guests with offering of Chemar (phye mar). It is a special offering that is altered during Losar for auspiciousness. It is made from Tsampa with butter in a traditional wooden bowl called Bho (‘bo) and ears of wheat and flowers etc are placed on the top.
11.30 a.m. – 1 p.m. While making Sang (bsang) ritual, offer of fumigation (smoke offering) with juniper leaves and other incense woods. Offering of tea and wine to deities and local gods, Sending wind-horse papers in the air, hanging prayer flags. At the end of this ritual it is conclude with auspicious prayer of Kiki Soso Lhagyalo recitation with throwing Tsampa in sky.
3 p.m. – 4.30 p.m. There will be small talk about Tibetan New Year. It will be in three topics. First one is about the origin of Tibetan New Year and how it is traditionally celebrated. Second will be about how Tibetan calendar is function. Different between solar and lunar calendar will also be mentioned. Third thing is about what almanac tells about this Sheep year. It will be mostly almanac prediction about situation of nature, weather, politics, businesses, wealth and health of the sentient beings.
5-5.45 p.m. Creating mind maps
6 p.m. – 7.30 p.m. Webcast of Tenzin Wangyal Rinpoche
9-9.30 p.m. Small Ganapuja of Yeshe Walmo.
February 22, 2015, Sunday: Chod teaching (more information)
10-11, 11.30-1p.m., 3-4.30, 5-6 Teachings
Registration for accommodation and food in Chamma Ling: firstname.lastname@example.org
Food 10 euro (3 meals), teachings 15 euro per day, accomodation 15 euro per day
The Ligmincha Poland sangha is inviting you to celebrate this turning point. We invite Buddhists from all traditions, well-wishers and those interested in the tradition, culture and religion of Tibet to our Losar celebrations. Rituals of purification and well-being will be carried out by Geshe Nyima Woser Choekhortshang in the Chamma Ling meditation center in Wilga.
LOSAR is the beginning of a New Year in the Tibetan calendar. The traditional Tibetan calendar uses calculations based on Moon phases; because of that, the Tibetan year has 12 or 13 lunar months beginning at the time of a new moon and consisting of thirty days each. The thirteenth month is added once in three years so that the average length of the Tibetan calendar equals the solar year. Certain days can be omitted or doubled, which makes Losar a movable day, usually celebrated in the period starting at the end of January and ending in early March.
A certain animal and an element are assigned to each Tibetan year. There are 12 animals in the calendar, just like 12 signs of zodiac: the Rabbit, Dragon, Snake, Horse, Goat, Rooster, Dog, Pig, Rat, Bull and Tiger. There are five elements: Fire, Earth, Iron, Water and Wood. The animal and the element assigned to a year also have a male or female aspect following one after the other. For example, the year 2014, i.e. the year of the Male Wooden Horse is followed by the year of the Female Wooden Sheep. Starting from the Female Fiery Rabbit, animals are repeated in cycles of 60 years. The year of 2014 (Male Wooden Horse) is the 28th year of the 17th cycle.
For Tibetans, Losar is one of the most important holidays. New Year celebrations usually fall to February but preparations for its celebrations start a few weeks earlier in monasteries. To make it short, we can divide the celebrations into two stages: the end of the old year and the beginning of the new one. At the end of the old year, we take purifying and closing actions. On the first day of the New Year, we pursue activities that raise energy, e.g. the long life mantra, rituals of well-being and the hanging of prayer flags; there is also dancing, feasting and the burning of large fires.
The current celebration of Losar and the preparation for this holiday consists of:
• Gutor – the first day of Losar celebrations
• Gyalpo Losar – the second day of Losar celebrations
• Lu Yugpa – corresponding to the celebration of the “New Year’s Eve” in the Western culture
• Choe-Kyong Losar – the New Year
The celebration of the Tibetan New Year in Wilga is a part of the celebration of the 20th anniversary of the Bön presence in Poland.
You can like our page on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/losar2142
To get properly prepared for the coming of the New Year, one first has to close the old one. It is also necessary to settle, purify and complete all sorts of unfinished business and professional activities. We also try to leave all unhappy events and memories of them behind. None of them should enter the New Year with us. It is a good time for cleaning in all areas of our lives.
Gyalpo Losar is known as the Day of Kings. People usually visit their relatives, friends and acquaintances on that and the following day. In particular, one visits elderly people, teachers and masters, offering kataks and gifts to them to show respect. People also visit nearby monasteries, shrines, Stupas, prepare altars and offerings; this is the process of purification preparing us for the Losar celebration.
It is the day of celebration in the form of ceremonies taking place in monasteries. Participants arrive at monasteries and take part in rituals and ceremonies. Many of these rituals are attempts at the taming of evil spirits. Chamm is also a very characteristic ritual that symbolizes the victory of the good over the evil.
At night on the last day of the old year, owners of houses run through all rooms shooting a gun or using firecrackers to scare away all types of evil demons. Despite the dancing and the noise, it is not the day of festive parties – just the opposite. The dancing is related to the rituals invoking the protectors while noises are related to the startling of demons. According to the Tibetan beliefs, this is the most inauspicious day in the year.
At dawn of the New Year’s Day, colorful prayer flags are hung on the roofs of all houses and the aroma of incense fills all households. The offering of juniper smoke and incense to four guests creates auspicious conditions. Through the offering of the smoke, prayers and chanting, the favor of deities and numerous blessings are guaranteed.
Prayer flags are hung to raise energy for the new year. First, the flags are blessed by the smoke from the Sang practice, after that, one writes his name on the flag in the color of the element one wants to support and hangs the flags in such a place where they will be exposed to the wind. It is also possible to perform the Ganapuja. The end of the rituals marks the beginning of the festivities. Chanting, dancing and great picnics start at that moment.